Vol. 10 No. 1 (2022): Business & Management Studies: An International Journal

Quadruple and quintuple helix university-industry collaboration models

Halit Keskin
Prof. Dr., Yıldız Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
Esra Ovalı
Yıldız Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Published 2022-03-26


  • Dörtlü, Beşli, Sarmal
  • Quadruple, Quintuple, Helix

How to Cite

Keskin, H., & Ovalı, E. (2022). Quadruple and quintuple helix university-industry collaboration models. Business &Amp; Management Studies: An International Journal, 10(1), 447–461. https://doi.org/10.15295/bmij.v10i1.2031


The study's primary purpose is to reveal the quadruple and quintuple helix models, which are the extensions of the triple helix university-industry collaboration model, in the dimensions of innovation, art, creativity, environment, and sustainability. Hence, we aim to illuminate the proposals for university-industry collaboration models, the interactions between innovation models, and the contributions of quadruple and quintuple innovation models to sustainability. The triple helix model generates an innovation system with universities, industry, and government, which has evolved into the quadruple helix innovation model with the inclusion of the media and culture-oriented public (civil society) helix. The triple helix implies trilateral networks and hybrid organizations. The quadruple helix focuses on intertwined collaborations, co-evolution, and co-specialization within firms, institutions, and other stakeholders. The co-evolution of art and innovation in the quadruple helix system has a central role in knowledge production and innovation efforts. The quintuple helix innovation model is the advanced form of the quadruple helix by referring to the natural environment(s) of society. The quintuple helix approach combines knowledge, know-how, innovation, and ecology in an interdisciplinary framework, realizing sustainable development.


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