Avey, J. B., Reichard, R. J., Luthans, F. and Mhatre, K. H., (2011), “Meta-Analysis of The Impact of Positive Psychological Capital on Employee Attitudes, Behaviors, and Performance”, Human Resource Development Quarterly, 22(2), 127-152.
Avitia, A.C.A., (2014), Expectations Regarding Psychotherapy and Therapeutic Alliance in Women with Depression: A Study in Two Different Cultural Contexts, Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Faculty of Behavioral and Cultural Studies, Heidelberg University in Cooperation with Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.
Büyüköztürk, Ş., (2002), “Faktör Analizi: Temel Kavramlar ve Ölçek Geliştirmede Kullanımı”, Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, 32, 470-483.
Callina, K. S., Johnson, S. K., Buckingam, M. H. and Lerner, R. M., (2014), “Hope in Context: Developmental Profiles of Trust, Hopeful Future Expectations, and Civic Engagement Across Adolescence”, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 869-883.
Çınar, E. and Basım, H.N. (2018). “Sosyal Rol Kimliği: Bir Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması”, International Social Sciences Studies Journal, 4(28): 6492-6498
Eryılmaz, A., (2011), “Ergen Öznel İyi Oluşu İle Olumlu Gelecek Beklentisi Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi”, Düşünen Adam Psikiyatri ve Nörolojik Bilimler Dergisi, 24, 209-215.
Field, A., (2009), Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 3rd publishing. London: SAGE Publications.
Froese, F. J., Pak, Y. S. and Chong L. C., (2008), “Managing the Human Side of Cross-Border Acquisition in South Korea”, Journal of World Business, 43, 97-108.
Gürsel, G., (2012), Expectation Based Evaluation Framework for Hospital Information Systems, Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, The Graduate School of Informatics of Middle East Thecnical University.
Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., and Black, W. C., (1995), Multivariate Data Analysis With Readings (4th ed.), New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J. and Anderson, R. E., (2014), Multivariate Data Analysis, The United States of America: Pearson Education.
Hamersma, M., Heinen, E., Tillema, T. and Arts, J., (2016), “Residents’ Responses to Proposed Highway Projects: Exploring The Role of Governmental Information Provision”, Transport Policy, 49, 56-67.
Hansen, T., (2003), “Intertype Competition: Specialty Food Stores Competing With Supermatkets”, Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 10, 35-49.
Hinkin, T. R., (1995), “A Review of Scale Development Practices in The Study of Organizations”, Journal of Management, 21(5), pp. 967-988.
Hoyer, J. and Baum, K. B., (2012), “Prolonged Imaginal Exposure Based on Worry Scenarios”, Exposure Therapy, 245-260.
Klump, K. and Butcher J. N., (1997), Psychological Tests in Treatment Planning: The Importance of Objective Assessment. In: J. N. Butcher, ed. Personality Asesment in Managed Health Care: Using the MMPI-2 in Treatment Planning, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 93-130.
Kutanis, R. O. and Yıldız, E, (2014), “The Relationship between Positive Psychology and Positive Organizational Behavior and an Evaluation on Positive Organizatıinal Behavior Dimensions”, The Journal of Visionary, 5(11), 135-154.
Künter, N. and Gürbüz, S. (2014). Askeri Liderlik: Kavramlaştırma ve Askeri Liderin Etkinliğinin Ölçümüne İlişkin Bir Ölçek Geliştirme Denemesi. 2. Örgütsel Davranış Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı, 457-466, 07-08 Kasım 2014, Kayseri.
Lawshe C. H., (1975), “A Quantitative Approach to Content Validity”, Personnel Psychology, 28, 563-575.
Leech, N. L., Barrett, K. C. and Morgan, G. A., (2005), SPSS for Intermediate Statistics:Use and Interpretation, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Luthans, F., (2002), “The Need for and Meaning of Positive Organizational Behavior”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 695-706.
Luthans, F., Luthans, K. W. and Luthans, B. C., (2004), “Positive Psychological Capital: Beyond Human and Social Capital”, Business Horizons, 47(1), 45-50.
Luthans, F. and Youssef, C. M., (2004), “Human, Social, and Now Positive Psychological Capital Management: Investing in People for Competitive Advantage”, Organizational Dynamics, 33(2), 143-160.
Portoghese, I., Galletta, M., Battistelli, A., Saiani, L., Penna, M. P. and Allegrini, E., (2012), “Change-Realted Expectations and Commitment to Change of Nurses: The Role of Leadership and Communication”, Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 582-591.
Schmid, K., Phelps, E. and Lerner, R. M., (2011), “Constructing Positive Futures: Modeling The Relationship Between Adolescents’ Hopeful Future Expectations and Intentional Self Regulation in Predicting Positive Youth Development”, Journal of Adolescence, 34, 1127-1135.
Seligman, M. E. P., (2002), Positive Pschology, Positive Prevention, and Positive Theraphy. Handbook of Positive Psychology, edt. C. R. Snyder and Shane J. Lopez, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-9.
Smith, R. C., Vogelgesang, G. and Avey, J., (2009), “Authentic Leadership and Positive Psychological Capital: The Mediating Role of Trust at The Group Level of Analysis”, Organizational Studies, 15(3), pp. 227-240.
Sutton, G. and Griffin, M. A., (2004) “Integrating Expectatins, Experiences, and Psycgological Contract Violations: A Longitudinal Study of New Professionals”, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 77, 493-514.
Tabachnick, B.G. and Fidell, L. S., (2007), Using Multivariate Statistics, The United States of America: Pearson Education Inc.
Tschacher, W., Junghan, U. M. and Pfammatter, M., (2014), “Towards a Taxonomy Of Common Factors in Psychotherap-Results of an Expert Survey”, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 21, 82-96.
Zarbo, C., Tasca, G. A., Cattafi, F. and Compare, A., (2016), “Integrative Psychoterapy Works”, Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1-3.
Zhou, T and Lu, Y., (2011), “Examining Mobile Instant Messaging User Loyalty from The Perspectives of Network Externalities and Flow Experience”, Computers in Human Behavior, 27, pp. 883-889.
- Abstract viewed - 90 times
- PDF downloaded - 72 times
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 2019
Assoc. Prof. Dr., Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University
Assoc. Prof. Dr., Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University
How to Cite
A NEW APPROACH IN ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY: SELF-EXPECTATION FOR ORGANIZATIONAL IMPROVEMENT AND A SCALE DEVELOPMENT STUDY
Vol 7 No 5 (2019): BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT STUDIES: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
Submitted: Nov 2, 2019
Published: Dec 25, 2019
The aim of this research is to bring the concept of Self-Expectation for Organizational Improvement” (SEOI) to the field of organizational psychology and to develop a measurement tool by forming the theoretical-empirical background of this concept. In the study, firstly, the theoretical framework related to the concept of SEOI was established and the concept of SEOI defined as follows; independent of the planned actions of the organization management, self-expectations that the individual has designed completely in his/her own mind and that there will be positive improvements and developments within himself/herself, with the individuals around him/her, and in the organization. Subsequently, a pool of items was created in accordance with the theoretical framework, a draft scale was obtained and a pilot study was conducted with 87 employees to determine the validity and reliability of this draft scale. In the analysis, a two-factor structure was obtained from the draft scale and it was found that this structure met the reliability and validity criteria. This factor structure was then tested on the main sample of 274 employees. All findings of the statistical analyses on the data obtained from the pilot study and the main sample showed that the developed scale had scientific validity and reliability and the scale was sufficient to be used in scientific researches.